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Instructions for Written Work

Citation covering one sentence only

Author-oriented citing

In author-oriented citing, the author’s name is mentioned within the text and not repeated at the end of the sentence. The year of publication of the source and the page numbers referred to are mentioned in parentheses. 

According to Strangelove (2008, p. 123), predictive research is common in economics and demography.


Subject-oriented citing

In subject-oriented citing, the in-text reference is placed within the sentence, in parentheses. The reference consists of the author’s surname, the year of publication of the source, and the pages referred to. 
 

Predictive research is common in economics and demography (Strangelove, 2008, p. 123).

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