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Instructions for Written Work

Articles

Journal article with DOI or URN

In the bibliography

Author’s surname, Initial(s) of first name(s). (Year of publication). Title: Subtitle. Name of publication, number of volume(issue number), page numbers. DOI/URN

  • The DOI identifier  is given in the form https://doi.org/xxxxx . The URN is given in the http://urn.fi/xxxxx 
  • The abstract of an article can only be used as a source only in case the article is not available as a full text. The bibliographic reference is then identical to a reference to a full text article. Consequently, the word abstract is not included in the bibliographic entry.  
Puustinen, J., & Nurminen, J. (2015). Long-term benzodiazepine use and the aged: Time to change clinical practice. Dosis, 31(2), 76–81. http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:ELE-1761290

 

Eitel, A., & Scheiter, K. (2015). Picture or text first? Explaining sequence effects when learning with pictures and text. Educational Psychology Review, 27(1), 153–180. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10648-014-9264-4

 

Kivimäki, H., Saaristo, V., Wiss, K., Frantsi, L. M., Ståhl, T., & Rimpelä, A. (2019). Access to a school health nurse and adolescent health needs in the universal school health service in Finland. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 33(1), 165–175. https://doi.org/10.1111/scs.12617

 

de Boer, M. J., Steinhagen, H. E., Versteegen, G. J., Struys, M. M. R. F., & Sanderman, R. (2014). Mindfulness, acceptance and catastrophizing in chronic pain. PloS One9(1), Article e87445. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087445

 

Vitamin K for newborns. (2016). Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health, 61(5), 675676. https://doi.org/10.1111/jmwh.12550

 

Zicari, R. V., Ahmed, S., Amann, J., Braun, S. A., Brodersen, J., Bruneault, F., Brusseau, J., Campano, E., Coffee, M., Dengel, A., Düdder, B., Gallucci, A., Gilbert, T. K., Gottfrois, P., Goffi, E., Haase, C. B.,Hagendorff, T., Hickman, E., Hildt, E., . . .  Wurth, R. (2021). Co-design of a trustworthy AI system in healthcare: Deep learning based skin lesion classifier. Frontiers in Human Dynamics, 3, article 688152. https://doi.org/10.3389/fhumd.2021.688152

 

  • For a work with up to 20 authors, include all of the names in the reference. When the work has 21 or more authors, include only the first 19 names, an ellipsis, and the final name

 

In text-reference

Puustinen and Nurminen (2015, p. 78) excamined

 

Eitel and Scheiter (2015, s. 163) found

 

Kivimäki et al. (2019, pp. 170171) provided

 

According to de Boer et al. (2014) ....

 

(Vitamin K for newborns, 2016, p. 676)

 

Zicari et al. (2021) found

 

Journal, magazine or newspaper article without DOI or URN, through a database requiring login  

In the bibliography

Author’s surname, Initial(s) of first name(s). (Year of publication). Title: Subtitle. Name of publication, number of volume(issue number), page numbers.

  • Even if the article is available online by login in with SeAMK’s credentials through the databases of the library or other services, The link, or the name of the database or e-magazine collection (such as ABI/Inform Collection, Ebsco, eMagz, etc.) is not given in the bibliographic reference. 
  • The abstract of an article can only be used as a source only in case the article is not available as a full text. The bibliographic reference is then identical to a reference to a full text article. Consequently, the word abstract is not included in the bibliographic entry.  

 

Madeeha, I., Shakil, A. M., & Farooq, M. O. (2020). Understanding consumers' trust in social media marketing environment. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management48(11), 11951212.

 

The people's voice. (2021). The Economist, 439(9240), 31–32. 

 

in text-citation

Maheeda et al. (2020, pp. 12061207) found...

 

(People's voice, 2021, p. 31)

 

Journal, magazine or newspaper article in open access

In the bibliography

Author’s surname, Initial(s) of first name(s). (Date). Title: Subtitle. Name of publication, number of volume(issue number), page numbers. DOI/URN/URL

  • The DOI identifier  is given in the form https://doi.org/xxxxx . The URN is given in the http://urn.fi/xxxxx . If the source has no permanent address, the URL address (or the normal web address) is used. 
  • APA 7 instructs to abbreviate long web addresses. This practice has not been adopted by SeAMK. 
  • The abstract of an article can only be used as a source only in case the article is not available as a full text. The bibliographic reference is then identical to a reference to a full text article. Consequently, the word abstract is not included in the bibliographic entry.  
Scholssberg, T. (2021, March 23). What’s good for the ocean may also be good for business. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/23/climate/ocean-blue-economy-business. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/23/climate/ocean-blue-economy-business.html

 

Åkerberg, J., Furunäs Åkesson, J., Gade, J., Vahabi, M., Björkman, M., Lavassani, M., Nandkumar Gore, R., Lindh, T., & Jiang, X. (2021). Future industrial networks in process automation: Goals, challenges, and future directions. Applied Sciences, 11(8), 3345. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11083345


In text-citation

(Scholssberg, 2021)

 

Åkerberg et al. (2021, p. 3345) found

 

Printed journal, magazine or newspaper

In the bibliography

Author’s surname, Initial(s) of first name(s). (Year of publication). Article title: Subtitle. Name of publicationnumber of volume(issue number), page numbers.

Hammarlund, R., Whatley, K. L., Zielinski, M. H., & Jubert, J. C. (2021). Benefits fo affordable robotic pet ownership in older adults with dementia. Journal of Gerontologial Nursing, 47(3), 18–22. 

 

In text-citation

Hammarlund et al. (2021, p. 20) examined

 

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