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Instructions for Written Work

Reports and serials

  • Serial publications are usually publications produced by public organizations such as ministries, research institutes or universities.
  • The title of the serials is mentioned in the title page of the work.
  • The title of the serials may include one of the following words: research, report.
  • Serial publication can also be an article in an edited volume.


Printed or open access serie publications or reseach papers

In the bibliography

Author’s surname, Initial(s) of first name(s) or name of group. (Year of publication). Title: Subtitle (edition) (Serie name number). Publisher. DOI/URN/URL

  • The DOI identifier  is given in the form . The URN is given in the . If you cannot find the DOI, you can try to retrieve it using the Crossref service. If the source has no permanent address, the URL address (or the normal web address) is used. 
  • APA 7 instructs to abbreviate long web addresses. This practice has not been adopted by SeAMK. 
Winthrop, R., Ziegler, L., Handa, R., & Fakoya, F. (2019). How playful learning can help leapfrog progress 
in education.
Center for Universal Education at Brookings.


Stenborg, M., Huovari, J., Kiema, I., & Maliranta, M. (2021). Productivity and competitiveness in Finland: Which factors affect competitiveness? Why do we need it? (Publications of the Ministry of Finance 2021:20). Ministry of Finance.


Ministry of Education and Culture. (2020). National youth work and youth policy programme 2020–2023: Aiming to ensure a meaningful life and social inclusion for all young people (Publications of the Ministry of Education and Culture 2020:4).


World Health Organization (WHO). (2014). Comprehensive implementation plan on maternal, infant and young 
child nutrition.


In text-citation

Winthrop et al. (2019, p. 7) found...


Stenborg et al. (2021, p. 87) examined


(Ministry of Education and Culture, 2020, pp. 1214)


World Health Organisation (WHO) (2014, p. 10)


  • After this, the abbreviation of the name of the organisation can be used.  
WHO (2014, p. 11) 

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