Academic writing may seem difficult, especially when you are just getting started. The start and progress or written work can be made easier with proper planning. One of the main benefits of planning is that you do not have to write the whole text in order, from start to finish, nor does the end result need to be perfectly polished from the start. Writing can be seen as a gradual process with several stages. This work method is often called process writing (e.g. Basic Writing).
The main stages of the writing process are planning, drafting, writing, editing and polishing. In the planning and drafting stages, the main focus is on gathering information on the topic and delimiting, specifying and structuring the topic. Planning can follow e.g. the mind map technique. At this stage, you think about the main chapters of the text, their contents and headings. Information from different sources, as well as ideas and thoughts should be written down systematically, including bibliographical data. At the drafting stage, you should not get too caught up on the style of the text; focus instead on having the main points structured and tentatively expressed.
The different parts of your text can be written in overlapping stages. If you cannot get on with a specific section, focus on something else for a while. That means the work will progress constantly. Even when a text seems finished, it usually still requires some polishing. Be sure to take feedback you receive on board. Editing and finalising completed texts takes time and patience but it improves the end result.