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Instructions for Written Work

Author-oriented citing

Author-oriented citing is used when referring to an interpretation or subjective opinion of the author of the source. Citing is done using reporting verbs, such as to write, to state, to suggest, or the expression according to, e.g.:  

Strangelove (2008, p. 123) emphasizes the importance of conflict prevention.


According to Strangelove (2008, p. 123), the best course of action in such a situation is that...

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