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How to find information

Tips for seeking information.

Evaluating information - check at least these

The evaluation of information is an essential part of information seeking process. The more you do it, the more you become skilled in it.

Pay attention to these matters for instance:

  • the reliability and objectivity of the information - who is the the author or publisher?
  • the relevance of the information - can you adopt and use the information?
  • the accessibility of the information - do you need special skills or resources to access the information?
  • the currency of the information - when was the information published?

What is research?

A research publication has certain characteristics:

  • research articles and publications usually have a common organization structure IMRaD
  • The author is a researcher or specialist
  • The research is published as a book in a scientific publication series (doctoral thesis, report, survey) OR
  • The research is published in edited article proceedings (research article) OR
  • The research is published in a scientific journal (research article)

How to spot fake news.How to spot fake news

Consider the source

Click away from the story to investigate the site, its mission and its contact info.

Check the author

Do a quick search on the author. Are they credible? Are they real?

Check the date

Reposting old news stories doesn't mean they're relevant to current events.

Check you biases

Consider if your own beliefs could affect your judgement.

Read beyond

Headlines can be outrageous in an effort to get clicks. What's the whole story.

Supporting sources?

Click on those links. Determine if the info given actually supports the story.

Is it a joke?

If it is too outlandish, it might be satire. Research the site and author to be sure.

Ask the experts

Ask a librarian, or consult a fact-checking site.


International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions


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